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  1. #1
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    A Beginner's Guide To Bodybuilding

    alright...let's have another go at this

    The intent of this thread is simple....to inform the uninformed of the basics of bodybuilding. As we all know something that seems moderately simple, becomes needlesly complicated. As more and more people are getting into bodybuilding, and wandering onto these forums, the same questions get repeated frequently. This thread will hopefully be all beginner's one stop for the answers to all of their basic questions.

    Please note that this thread isn't for questions, if you would like to ask a specific question, please begin your own thread...this thread's intent is for vets on this board to contribute some of their knowledge to help out some beginners. Peace
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    Basic Nutrition

    Basic Nutrition

    It's quite well known that nutrition is one of, if not the, most important factors of bodybuilding. I'd like to give a basic breakdown of some of the more basic aspects that everyone should be aware of.

    As for a very basic breakdowns, all food consist of: carbs, proteins, and fats. Again...this is on a very basic level (as it all gets much more complex).

    Protien (4 calories/gram) - Protien is the building block of muscle, so it's no wonder why bodybuilders are recomended to take in 1-1.5g/lb of bodyweight....minimum. There has been a debate that has still never been solved claiming that high protien diets aren't necessary, and even dangerous, and that high protien diets produce more of a placebo effect. But for every study which shows high protien diets are not effective, there is another showing that they are. This is still being debated, and most likely will continue to be debated for a very long time. It is believed that high protien diets are dangerous because it requires a lot of water to digest protien, a simple answer to this problem is to drink more water. It is also believed to put strain on the kidneys, again, drinking a lot of water will help with this problem. Though most of these claims of protien being dangerous are outdated, people still choose to believe, and preach this theory. Though there seems to be no real threat, i figured this debate was worth mentioning to clear up any concerns that a new bodybuilder might have.

    Carbohydrates (4 calories/gram) - Carbs are much more complicated than protien because each carb source is different and should be used in a different way. Here's a basic run down:
    1) Slow-Digesting Carbs(natural): yams, wild rice, beans, oats, fruts...all natural carbs are in this category. These are ideal for most people as they are digested slowly providing you with energy throught the day. They also don't spike insulin levels which is very unwanted for if you're metabolism isn't on the freakishly fast side, you're going to be gaining some fat.
    2) Fast-Digesting Carbs(man-made): white bread, bagels, white rice, cold cerials, fruit juices, and other man-made carbs. These carbs hit the blood stream quicker and produce an insulin spike, which is generally only of use post-workout.
    3) Bodybuilders with excess bodyfat should consume slow-digesting carbs
    4) If you are low in bodyfat and have a hard time putting on weight, fast-digesting carbs can be usefull as you will be able to eat more of them and it will help stimulate appetite.
    5) Take in slow-digesting carbs before training because your body will need them to sustain energy.
    6) Immediately after training, take in fast-digesting carbs. They will spike insulin levels switching your muscles from a catabolic to an anabolic phase. Durring this phase after training you can take in up to .7 g of carbs/lb.
    7) It is recomended to get 2.5-3 times your bodyweight in carbs/day. Use the information above to determine what sources you should get these carbs from.

    Fat (9 calories/gram): This is the most feared of all of these 3 nutrients because common logic is, if someone doesn't want to store excess fat in their body, why would they eat something that bears the same name? The thing that most people don't know is, fat is as essential to a propper diet as anything else, it's just a matter of taking in the right fats. First of all, fat is very essential as it serves to keep you warm, and more importantly cushions your organs. The body also calls on fat for energy. Fats are probably the least complicated of all of these nutritents, as there really isn't much to say about them. Many people don't even count fat calories, they just limit the amount of saturated fat which they take in. I will say this though; it is very important to make sure you are getting all of your essential fatty acids. These are fats which the body needs and not just stored as fat as saturated fats are. You can get your essential fatty acids from fish, nuts, flax seeds, almonds, and avacados, just to name a few. With fat taken from these sources, you can supply your body with the fats that it needs without fearing your waist line expanding.

    I included the calories/gram of all of those because, though you should be more concerned with where your calories are coming from, you should be sure to eat 200-300 calories over your maintnance levels every day in order to grow. If you wish to find out your maintnance levels, take a week where you just eat to maintain. Eat when you're hungry, and stop when you're not hungry anymore. Right down everything you eat in detail, and at the end of the week, add all of the calories up, and devide it by 7 (because there are 7 days in a week). The number you get is your maintnance calorie level. Add 200-300 calories on to that and you're set.

    As you are just getting into bodybuilding, you are probably eating roughly 3 meals/day, with the occasional snack thrown in....well in bodybuilding, that crow won't caw

    It has been understood for a very long time that you must change your eating patern from 3 large meals per day, to several small ones. There are several reasons as to why this method is best. First of all, your body gets a constant supply of nutrients throughout the day, so you can constantly feed your muscles (as they are metaboliclly active, and you're sure to have atleast 1 muscle group that is still recoving from it's previous workout) and grow. Another reason is because your body can only digest so much protien at a time. It varies from person to person but it's generally around 30g (though you can take in more upon waking up and post-workout). If you were to eat 3 meals a day, that would mean your body would only be digesting around 90g of protien and the rest would serve as empty calories to be stored as fat. Here are some sample meal plans that a bodybuilder may follow. Feel free to use these as guides, but they must be customized to tailor your caloric needs and schedual.


    Sample 1:
    Meal One - six-egg omlette with cheese, whol-grain toast, fruit, 1-2 glasses of milk

    Meal 2 - broiled steak, 1-2 vegetables, baked potato, 1-2 glasses of milk

    Meal 3 - tuna salad, 1-2 vegetables, baked potato, 1-2 glasses of milk

    Meal 4 (pre-workout) - protien shake

    Meal 5 - roast chicken, 1-2 vegetables, rice, 1-2 glasses of milk

    Meal 6 - boiled eggs, cold cuts, 1-2 glasses of milk


    Sample 2:
    Meal 1 - 6 egg whites w/ 2 or 3 yolks, oatmeal, piece of fruit, two slices of whole-wheat toast

    Meal 2 - protien and carb shake, bagel, piece of fruit

    Meal 3 - 6 oz chicken breast, rice, vegetables

    Meal 4 (pre-workout) - protien and carb shake

    Meal 5 (immediate post-workout) - whey protien w/ simple carbs

    Meal 6 - 6 oz beef (burger or steak), baked potato, vegetable (spinach)

    Meal 7 (before bed)- 2 oz oatmeal, egg whites
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

  3. #3
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    Nutritional Facts For Common Bodybuilding Foods

    Food (serving size)------------Protien(g)-Carbs(g)-Calories
    --
    Almonds (2 oz)-----------------12---------10-------340
    Avocado (2 oz)-----------------1----------4--------100
    Banana(1 medium)---------------1----------28-------110
    Beans/Lentils (4 oz dry)-------21---------54-------300
    Berries (4 oz)-----------------0----------11-------50
    Bread (2 slices;whole grain)---12---------48-------240
    Cheese (4 oz low fat)----------36---------4--------320
    Chicken (6 oz canned)----------33---------0--------150
    Chicken Breast (8 oz skinless)-48---------0--------360
    Cottage Cheese (1 cup low fat)-30---------7--------190
    Eggs (6 whole)-----------------38---------3--------450
    Egg Whites (12)----------------42---------3--------200
    Fish (8 oz, lean, white)-------43---------0--------210
    Ground Beef (8 oz extra lean)--40---------0--------600
    Milk (1 quart non-fat)---------36---------48-------360
    Oatmeal (100 g dry)------------14---------60-------330
    Olive Oil (1 tbsp)-------------0----------0--------120
    Orange (1 medium)--------------1----------16-------65
    Pasta (6 oz)-------------------21---------120------630
    Peanut Butter (6 tbsp commercial)-21------18-------570
    Peanut Butter (6 tbsp natural)-30---------15-------600
    Peanuts (2 oz)-----------------14---------12-------320
    potato,baked (5"x2" w/ skin)---5----------50-------220
    potato,baked (8 oz, skinless)--4----------50-------210
    Rice (1/2 cup precooked, brown)10---------70-------320
    Rice (1/2 cup precooked, white)6----------70-------320
    Salmon (8 oz atlantic)---------45---------0--------420
    Sardines (6 ozin oil, drained)-45---------0--------360
    Spinach (8 oz frozen)----------6----------6--------50
    Steak (8 oz new york)----------62---------0--------500
    Steak (8 oz round)-------------66---------0--------430
    Tuna (6 oz canned)-------------33---------0--------150
    Turkey bacon (4 oz)------------22---------0--------150
    Turkey breast (8 oz)-----------65---------0--------430
    Vegetables (6 oz frozen, mixed)4----------10-------60
    Yams (8 oz baked)--------------2----------38-------160
    Yogurt (8 oz plain)------------13---------17-------120

    for more nutritional facts (including foods from various fast food restaurants) visit calorieking.com for a very comprehensive list.
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

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    Weight Training For Beginners

    Many young lifters jump the gun when they first begin weight training. They go into split routines, using way too many exercies for each workout. I would like to help some "newbies" as it is put, get into weight training safely and effectively.

    Beginners in bodybuilding have 2 main advantages. One is when you have never weight trained before, you can see remarkable growth since everything is new to you. The other is, your muscles recover significantly quicker than more advanced bodybuilders, so you can train each muscle group more often. Someone who is new to weight training can recover in a 24 hour period where it can take around 72 hours of more for a more advanced bodybuilder to recover.

    For someone who has never weight trained before, i'd recomend getting into it with a fullbody split. The reason for this is, first of all, if each muscle recovers in 24 hours, it would be efficient to work it out every other day. Another reason for this is when someone has never used those muscles before, you don't want to start working them from so many different angles with so many total sets; because even though it is harder for a young bodybuilder to overtrain, this will do it. The reason is obviously that those muscles which were never used to a strenuous extent are now performing a greater amount of work than they can handle.

    Now to your first full body split. I'd recomend performing it 3 days a week: monday, wednesday, and friday. Though they can be performed any days of the week to accomidate your schedual, just allow atleast 1 day of rest inbetween each workout session. You should also switch splits every 6 weeks or so. I will be including 3 different splits, this way you can use each for 6 weeks, and by the time you are done with this, your body will be able to move up to your first ever split routine.

    In all of the following routines I am using 2 sets of 12 (2x12) for the majority of workouts. This means you would perform 12 repetitions of the workout, rest for 45 seconds or so, and then do another set of 12 repetitions. The reason i choose 12 is because higher reps will prepare your muscles for a more intense program later on. More importantly if you are using higher reps you will be using less weight, thus have a less risk of injury when learning the propper form for all of your workouts. By your third workout program, you can drop the reps down to 8 or 10, but no lower than that.

    Before beginning each routine, it is necessary to warm up. The last thing you want when beginning your weight training routine is an injury. Begin with a jog lasting for 2-5 minutes. Then stretch out your entire body. By this time you will be ready to hit the weights

    ***IMPORTANT: Remember, if you wish to be a bodybuilder THE most important thing is FORM. Never feel tempted to use heavy weight when your training partner is lifting half and you are only doing the rest by cheating. Stick to good form and keep the weight in control throughout the movement, and you will see gains, but if you sacrafice form for weight, your gains will come much slower

    (note: if you workout at home and don't have access to some of the equiptment, i will list alternatives in parenthasis)

    Workout 1
    (weeks 1-6)

    Crunches 2x20
    Squats 2x12
    Leg Curls (or lunges) 2x12
    Flat-Bench Press 2x12
    Lat Pulldowns (or barbell rows) 2x12
    Shoulder Press 2x12
    Tricep Pushdowns (or overhead extensions) 2x12
    Barbell Curls 2x12
    Standing Calf Raises 2x15-20

    Workout 2
    (weeks 7-12)

    Leg Raises 2x20
    Leg Press (or squats) 2x12
    Leg Curls (or lunges) 2x12
    Incline Bench Press 2x12
    Lat Pulldown (or barbell row) 2x12
    Shoulder Press 2x12
    Lying Tricep Extension 2x12
    Standing Dumbell Curls 2x12
    Standing Calf Raises 2x15-20

    Wokout 3
    (weeks 13-18)

    Sit Ups 2x20
    Squats 2x8-12
    Leg Curls (or lunges) 2x8-12
    Flat Dumbell Bench Press 2x8-12
    One-arm dumbell rows 2x8-12
    Shoulder Press 2x8-12
    Over-head extensions 2x8-12
    Incline Curl 2x8-12
    Seated Calf Raises (or standing calf raises) 2x15-20

    Upon compleation of this program, your tendon strength will be built up, and your muscles will be prepared for a more intense split. Please take to heart that flawless form is essential to building a great physique, and remaining injury free. I also advise you to read about nutrition as well and formulate a better diet for yourself upon beginning a weight training program. Peace
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    Your First Split

    Upon completion of the previously listed full body splits, you can move up to a more intense split. At this point in time, there are several different routes you can take. It has been proven that muscles grow fastest when worked out 2 times a week, unfortunately this can not be performed for long due to the risk of overtraining. Since everyone's capacity for overtraining is different, and beginners have a larger threshold for it, over experienced lifters, you will probably be able to get away with a split in which you work out each muscle group twice a week for a while.

    Before beginning, you must be familiar with overtraining, what it is, the symptoms, and how it's caused.

    Overtraining is when your muscles are not allowed to fully recover for 1 reason or another. Because of this your muscles cease to grow and it can result in injury if you continue on with your workouts.

    Overtraining is caused by:
    1. performing too many sets too many days a week with too high intensity
    2. training with too many sets too many days a week with little intensity
    3. training with the right number of sets and reps but for too many days a week
    4. training with adequate sets but with too much intensity
    5. working the same muscle groups too frequently

    The symptoms include

    1. reduced or no muscle gains
    2. weight loss
    3. swollen lymph nodes
    4. lack of motivation
    5. irritability
    6. insomnia
    7. frequent injuries
    8. lack of energy
    9. reduced strength level
    10. overall feeling of fatigue
    11. increased blood pressure
    12. abnormal heart rate
    13. headaches
    14. tremors or twitches

    If you notice any of these symptoms, take a week or 2 off of training. It is best to stay out of the gym for as long as it takes for you to feel enthusiasm for your workouts again.

    Now that you are familiar with overtraining, it's time to form your split.

    It's important to find your capacity for overtraining. I'd say experiment until you can find the highest intensity that you can train with, without overtraining. The only way i see this can be done is to start with the highest intensity and as you begin to overtrain, throw in some rest days and alter your program accordingly.

    Here are a few of the more popular ways to workout each muscle group twice/week. I will include a sample of how each one might look. Edit them so they fit your needs. This includes sets and rep schemes as well as changing the workouts in entierty.

    ***NOTE: The days if the following splits have been labeled, Day 1, Day 2, and Day 3; rather than me using days of the week. This is so you can choose how many rest days you would like to put in and when. Do not do this split 3 days in a row, and repeat with no rest, as this will lead to overtraining for anyone. Choose a frequency that fits your needs. Also, it is wise to begin your split with your worst muscle group following a rest day or 2. This way you can hit it with the most intensity while you are fresh from the time off of training.

    SPLIT 1:
    Day 1: Chest, Triceps, Front Delts, and Medial Delts

    Bench Press 3x6-12
    Incline Bench Press 3x6-12
    Decline Bench Press 3x6-12
    Shoulder Press 3x6-12
    Lateral Raises 3x10-12
    Tricep Pushdowns 3x8-12
    Overhead Extensions 3x8-12

    Day 2: Legs

    Squats 4x6-12
    Leg Press 4x6-10
    Leg Curls 4x6-12
    Calf Raises 3x15-20

    Day 3: Back, Biceps, Rear Delts and Abs

    Deadlifts 4x6-12
    Pulldowns 3x6-12
    Barbell Rows 3x6-12
    Seated Pulley Rows 3x6-12
    Rear Lateral Raises 2x10-12
    Standing Cambered Bar Curls 3x6-12
    Incline Curls 2x6-12
    Hammer Curls 2x6-12
    Decline Situps 3x20
    Leg Raises 3x20
    Twists 3x20

    SPLIT 2:
    Day 1: Chest, Back

    Incline Bench Press 3x6-12
    Flat Bench Flyes 3x8-12
    Dips 3x6-12
    Pulldowns 3x6-12
    1 Arm Dumbell Rows 3x6-12
    Shrugs 3x8-15
    Hyperextensions 2x20


    Day 2: Legs, Shoulders

    Squats 4x6-12
    Hack Squats 4x6-12
    Leg Extensions 3x6-12
    Stiff-Leg Deadlifts 2x12
    Calf Raises 3x15-20
    Shoulder Press 3x6-12
    Lateral Raises 3x10-12
    Rear Lateral Raises 3x10-12

    Day 3: Biceps, Triceps, Forearms, Abs

    Tricep Pushdowns 4x6-12
    Lying Tricep Extensions 3x6-12
    Overhead Extensions 3x6-12
    Standing Cambered Bar Curls 3x6-12
    Preacher Curls 2x6-12
    Hammer Curls 2x6-12
    Wrist Curls 3x15
    Decline Situps 2x10-15
    Reverse Crunches 2x20
    Knee Raises 2x15
    Crunches 2x20

    Remember that these are just examples. You can change any workout, their orders, the number of sets, and the number of reps, to what ever fits your needs. Remember to be very alert for over training symptoms. If they begin to take place, take a few immediate rest days, and re-evaluate your split. You could simply need to add another rest day or 2, take off some sets, or change your split to one in which you workout each muscle group once a week (which i will get to soon, unless someone beats me to it). Peace
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

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    How Do I Lose Fat From My _______?

    One of the most frequent questions asked by new bodybuilders is "how do i lose the fat in my _____". Well the fact of the matter is, you can't just drop fat from one area. People feel that if they perform high repetitions for a certain muscle group, it will somehow burn the fat in the area. This information is entierly incorrect. If you wish to loose fat in a certain area, you must loose it everywhere else. This can only be done through diet and cardio. Here's a few things to remember:


    when you are cutting (lowering bodyfat) do not expect to make progress in your weight training. You will not be able to increase in weight in your lifts. Infact, they will probably decrease in weight, as energy levels drop. Durring this time period it is also easier to overtrain, so i recomend not going past failure (as there is not much need to seeing as how you aren't going to be growing durring this period). It was also believed that when one cuts, they should switch from low rep movements to high rep movements, but this has long since been proved not just ineffective, but stupid, as you lose muscle mass with this approach. Keep with your same rep schemes since you want to maintain as much muscle mass as possible.

    The how to part of this question has been beaten to death, but since this is a thread for beginners, it's important to bring up. There are many different ways to cut, but I will be run through the "standard" method.

    **IMPORTANT: Remember, you can not loose more than 3 lbs. of fat/week, and that's even pushing it. One of the biggest problems with cutting is people want to loose so much weight, so fast, that the majority of it is muscle (and water). Aim for a loss of 2 lbs./week. If you are losing more than 2 lbs./week assume the rest of it to be muscle and alter your diet to how you see fit.

    The process is begun with a slow reduction of calories. Every 2 weeks, one would deduct 200 calories from their diet, until they reach a target zone in between 1500 and 2000 calories. It is important to recognize where the defecit in calories is coming from. You have to lower the amounts of saturated fats you take in (while maintaing your healthy fats), cut down on carbs(quite dramatically i might add), and increase protein. The reason you increase protien is because once your body stops taking in enough carbs for energy, it will turn towards protien, and if you don't take in more of it, it'll get it from your muscles.

    An important thing to remember is when you cut out all of those carbs, you will look much smaller. This is because the glycogen stores in your muscles (which come from carbs) have been eliminated. You will appear flat and smaller, but don't worry, because as soon as you're done with your diet, you will regain your fullness.

    While you're continuously bringing your carb intake down, your metabolism will be slowing down. This is why every week it is a good idea to go crazy with carbs. Eat around 3 times your bodyweight in carbs on this day, and then go back to your normal low carb diet for the rest of the week. This will keep your metabolism moving.

    It's also imporatant to throw cardio into the mix. I don't use cardio at the beginning of my cutting phases, but towards the end it's needed more and more. You can't really say how often one should do cardio, and when they should start. Your best bet is to start when you feel like you need it, and do it how ever often you need to. But there are a few rules to remember.

    1) Never do cardio on an empty stomach. Around 45 minutes before performing cardio take in some slow-burning carbs.
    2) Don't exceed 45 minutes in your cardio training.
    3) Space your cardio several hours before or after training, or perform it on an off day.
    4) do which ever form of cardio you are comfertable. This includes riding bikes, running, swimming, or anything else that burns calories.

    Now throughout your diet your carb intake will be increasingly lowered, but it's not enough to just lower them, you have to take them at the right time. The best times to take in carbs while cutting are upon waking up, and after your workout. When you wake up, take in a complex carbohydrate. As far as complex carbs go, oatmeal is pretty much unsurpassed, but if you're not a fan of oats, whole grain bread is a good choice. Now after your workouts it's a different story. At this time you want to take in some simple sugars. Since your body just went through it's workout session, and insulin spike won't hurt your progress. Just take in a protien shake with some fruit juice (preferably gatorade or grape) in it, or some dextrose.

    Once you get down to your desired bodyfat, begin to up your carb intake and to get the fullness back in your physique, and then....you're done. Congradulations, you've completed your cutting cycle! (well, reading about it atleast). Peace out
    Last edited by Poppa Pump; 08-14-2003 at 09:05 PM.
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

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    How To Gain 50 lbs. Of Muscle In 2 Days....Supplements!

    In this new addition to the beginners guide, i would like to mention supplements. Now please understand before reading, i will not be going into anything in particular, this is just an introduction to what they are, as everyone seems to be a little confused at the beginning.

    Now..i didn't mean to give your hopes up with the title, but you will not gain 50 lbs. of muscle in 2 days with supplements. As a matter of fact, if your diet and training aren't together, you won't gain 50 lbs. in 3 years with supplements. I would first like to stress that diet and training are unreplacable. Before this is mastered, supplements will do nothing but waist money. Supplements are nothing more than what they are titled..they supplement a good diet and training routine by giving your body what it needs to recover at maximum efficiency.

    Another important thing to remember is to not pay too close attention to adds you see for the next "miracle" supplement. If you ever see an add for any kind of dietary supplement that seems almost too good to be true, it is.

    I constantly get asked by my friends what supplements they should take to get the best results. When i try to break down a good diet and training regiment..they're sorry they asked. Now as i said, this is just a very brief introduction and speaks of nothing in particular. I just wanted to stress the importance of having your training and diet together and that supplements on help in the recovery process (for the most part). I will soon be going into the specifics of supplements..unless someone beats me to it. Peace
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

  8. #8
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    Nice one Poppa. I'll sticky it again.
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    One of the most educational threads thats ever been posted. Thankyou DF1, madcow, Dom etc for increasing my knowledge on training tenfold. http://forum.bodybuilding.com/showthread.php?t=591896

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    Thumbs up

    Glad to see you reposted this!

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    Video clips showing how to peform different exercises.

    http://www.exrx.net/Lists/Directory.html

    http://www.bsu.edu/webapps/strengthlab/home.htm
    WOW, STRONG TEA - MY BRUV FITNESSMAN


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  12. #12
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    Protien Powder....The Miracle Drug

    Protien Powders...The Miracle Drug

    Despite what so many people believe...simply taking protien powder doesn't result in instant weight gain to any degree...infact, protien powders don't really result in any weight gain what so ever. It's already been covered that diet is the only thing that does that. Now..what is protien powder?

    Protien powder is about as much a miracle drug as a chicken breast is...both are simply sources of protien. Please understand that it is by no means a neccesity. The principle behind it is, if you can not get enough protien throughout your diet from solid food, you can make a shake which can be quickly consumed when you may not have the time to eat a whole meal. Protien powders are strickly for convenience purposes, and should never be chosen over real food. Now lets get down to the 2 most common kinds: whey, and casien.

    Whey: Simply put, Whey protien is a quickly digested protien. This product is idealy used upon waking up, and post workout. The only time i'd say that you SHOULD use whey protien is post workout when your body needs the nutrients quickly (as whey is quickly digested). As far as upon waking, real food should always be your number one choice, but if in a hurry, a protien shake can always be consumed.

    Casien: Casien is a slowly digested protien. The ideal time to consume this is before bed, and throughout the day. The only time i'd advocate using it would be before bed. The reason being that (as it is slow digesting) it will supply your body with protien while you are asleep. Again throughout the day it is much better to take your protien from real food, there is NO substitute for it. Though again, if you don't have the time for a meal, a casien protien shake will do.

    So to sum it up; protien powders are great for filling gaps in your diet, but can not be a replacement for solid food. Use them in moderation and make sure the clear majority of your daily diet is made up of real food. Peace
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

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    Please don't post questions in here, start another thread. We are trying to keep this as informative and clutter free as possible.

    Thanks.
    Last edited by LostProphet; 07-27-2003 at 08:16 AM.
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    Your Once A Week Split...How To Form Your Own

    So...now you're past the need for full body splits, and you've decided to hit each muscle group twice a week. That's fine for a while, but once you start noticing those over training symptoms, you must make an immediate switch to the most common of training splits, in which you hit each muscle group once a week (preceeded with a resting period to allow yourself to fully recover from your over training symptoms). You also may have decided not to hit each muscle group twice a week at all, and just go to a once a week split, which is fine. Now it's getting to the point where you should not only be able to form your own routine, but where it would be in your best interest to. If you're still at the point where you're pretty clueless at forming your own split, you will no longer be within the next few months of applying the concepts in this article.

    The first thing you should do is analyze your weak points. Don't keep giving your chest and biceps priority if your hamstrings and calves are lagging. Always put a direct emphasis on your muscle group that appears to be lagging on comparison to the rest. The best way to catch up a lagging muscle group is to give it the first day on your split. With a 4 day split, lets say you are working out on monday, tuesday, thursday, and friday. Your weakest muscle group should be worked first thing on monday. This allows you to focus the most energy on it since it is preceeded by 2 rest days (saturday and sunday). Also remember to only tackly one weak point at a time!

    Now getting to the actual workout itself. The 2 key roles are the number of sets performed for each muscle group, and the number of reps performed in each set. I'd love to throw out a magic number here that works for everyone to put your mind at ease, but unfortuantely, such a number doesn't exist. Here's where trial an error comes into play. You have to experiment with different numbers of total sets, and different numbers of reps for each workout, and find what makes you grow best. If you have yet to figure out what number of sets make you grow best, i'd try this: For small muscle groups, do a total of 4-6 sets, and for larger muscle groups, perform a total of 12-16. After a few weeks of this, see if you respond better to the lower, or higher end. Then you can increase or decrease sets, and see if you respond better or worse. Through this means of trial and error, you can find the number of total sets that works perfect for you. It should be reletively easy for you to determine the number of reps you should do. It's as easy as trying it out. I'd start with 10 reps, and see how your gains are. Then drop it to eight, see how they go from there. Mess around with the number until you get it right.

    Then that leaves you with 1 more thing to do. Determine the different excercises you want to do, and how many sets you want to do for each excercise (ok...i guess that's 2 things). Say for your biceps you have determined to perform a grand total of 6 sets. Now it's time to distribute those sets to 2 or 3 different workouts. A few examples of how you can do this are as followed:

    2 sets of standing barbell curls
    2 sets of preacher curls
    2 sets of incline curls

    or

    3 sets of standing dumbell curls
    3 sets of incline curls

    Mess around with something along those lines. Choose your own excercises, but apply the sets the same way. Try doing the lesser number of sets per workout for a few weeks, and then switching to a larger number of sets..and see how you grow off of it.

    You should now hopefully be able to throw a little something together for you to work off of, but for those of you who still need a little guidance, i will outline a split in which you workout each muscle group once a week. Take these workout programs and tinker with the number of sets and reps; and even add in, get rid of, or change workouts, to find out what suits you the best.

    ***IMPORTANT: Before engaging in any weight training, it is essential to warm up propperly. This means a 2-5 minute jog, light stretching, and a warm up set for each muscle group. The warm up set should be performed with half of the weight you use on your working set, for somewhere around 20 reps. This set should not be heavy enough to tax your muscles, it should just warm them up. Do a warm up set before every workout if you feel it's needed, remember, NOTHING is more important than your safety. With that said, also remember to ALWAYS use PERFECT FORM.

    Monday: Legs
    Squats 4x6-10
    Leg Press 3x6-10
    Leg Curls 3x6-10
    Calf Raises 3x10-15

    Tuesday: Chest, Triceps, abs
    Flat Bench Press 3x6-10
    Incline Bench Press 3x6-10
    Flat Bench Flys 3x8-12
    Lying Tricep Extensions (skull crushers) 3x6-10
    Pushdowns 3x6-10
    Decline Crunches 3x20
    Leg Raises 3x15-20

    Wednesday: Rest

    Thursday: Back, Biceps, abs
    Deadlifts 4x6-10
    Lat Pulldowns 3x6-10
    Barbell Rows 3x6-10
    Standing Cambered-Bar Curls 3x6-10
    Preacher Curls 2x6-10
    Decline Crunches 3x20
    Knee Raises 3x15-20

    Friday: Shoulders/Traps
    Military Press 3x6-10
    Lateral Raises 3x6-10
    Reverse Flies 3x6-10
    Shrugs 3x10-15
    [Optional Calves: Calf Raises 3x10-15]


    Another way to hit each muscle group once a week is to follow the tradional

    Monday: Chest, Tris, Front Delts, Medial Delts
    Wednesday: Legs
    Friday: Back, Biceps, Abs

    It can go as follows:

    Monday
    Flat Bench Press 3x6-10
    Incline Bench Press 3x6-10
    Dips 3x6-10
    Military Press 3x6-10
    Lateral Raises 3x10-12
    Close Grip Bench Press 3x6-10
    Dumbell Overhead Extension 2x6-10
    Pushdowns 2x6-10

    Tuesday
    Rest

    Wednesday
    Squats 4x6-10
    Hack Squats 3x6-10
    Leg Curls 3x6-10
    Stiff Leg Deadlifts 2x12+
    Seated Calf Raises 3x10-15

    Thursday
    Rest

    Friday
    Deadlifts 3x6-10
    T-Bar Rows 3x6-10
    Pulldowns 3x6-10
    Seated Pulley Rows 3x6-10
    Standing Cambered Bar Curls 2x6-10
    Incline Curls 2x6-10
    Crunches 3x20
    Reverse Crunches 3x20

    Saturday
    Rest

    Sunday
    Rest

    I'd advocate trying to figure out your own split. Remember, the workout programs outlined above are for reference purposes only. Keep in mind that the best workout program is the one you make yourself. Peace
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

  15. #15
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    Guys

    It has come to my attention that many bro's in this section have problems gaining weight, and so purchase a weight gainer such as nlarge in order to get calories.

    Most pre-made weight gainers are made up of sugar, whey protein concentrate and saturated fat. So whats wrong with that ? Well for a start using a gainer high in sugary carbohydrates and saturated fat, such as Nlarge is not optimal for gaining clean mass.

    Secondly there's the fact that whey is not an optimal source of protein for times other than postworkout and breakfast, because it is absorbed too quickly.

    Lastly there's the health issuse, it is definately not wise to consume vast amounts of sugary carbs and saturated fat throughout the day. I often hear people say "who cares ? its calories right", well if thats your attittude you may as well use McDonalds for your six meals each day after all who cares its calories right.

    So rather than wasting your money on sugar in a tub you should make your own weight gainer its cheaper, more nutritious and a lot healthier.


    Here's a recipe

    500 mls skimmed milk
    1/2 cup of oats
    1 tablespoon olive oil
    A scoop of a decent protein blend e.g. Isomatrix

    Throw it in a shaker, mix and leave to infuse in the fridge for an hour or so.

    Remember, if you put high quality fuel into your body, you will get high quality results.
    WOW, STRONG TEA - MY BRUV FITNESSMAN


    One of the most educational threads thats ever been posted. Thankyou DF1, madcow, Dom etc for increasing my knowledge on training tenfold. http://forum.bodybuilding.com/showthread.php?t=591896

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    Two great free sites with nutritional breakdowns include www.fitday.com and www.nutri-facts.com

    Also, here is a link to a table with proper macronutrient and calorie breakdowns for people that are bulking, cutting, and maintaining http://mcstyle.homestead.com/dietmaintcut.html

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    Originally posted by LostProphet
    Guys

    It has come to my attention that many bro's in this section have problems gaining weight, and so purchase a weight gainer such as nlarge in order to get calories.

    Most pre-made weight gainers are made up of sugar, whey protein concentrate and saturated fat. So whats wrong with that ? Well for a start using a gainer high in sugary carbohydrates and saturated fat, such as Nlarge is not optimal for gaining clean mass.

    Secondly there's the fact that whey is not an optimal source of protein for times other than postworkout and breakfast, because it is absorbed too quickly.

    Lastly there's the health issuse, it is definately not wise to consume vast amounts of sugary carbs and saturated fat throughout the day. I often hear people say "who cares ? its calories right", well if thats your attittude you may as well use McDonalds for your six meals each day after all who cares its calories right.

    So rather than wasting your money on sugar in a tub you should make your own weight gainer its cheaper, more nutritious and a lot healthier.


    Here's a recipe

    500 mls skimmed milk
    1/2 cup of oats
    1 tablespoon olive oil
    A scoop of a decent protein blend e.g. Isomatrix

    Throw it in a shaker, mix and leave to infuse in the fridge for an hour or so.

    Remember, if you put high quality fuel into your body, you will get high quality results.
    Bump to LP. Ripped Up has a good link to this as well. Weight gainers are full of dextrose and maltodextrose- not bad for post-workout, but for a gainer it's not ideal.

  18. #18
    Registered User LostProphet's Avatar
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    Originally posted by derekmac
    Ripped Up has a good link to this as well.
    He sure does. Here's the link to Pogue's article http://forum.bodybuilding.com/showth...hreadid=107014 a link to Ripped Up's recipes can be found within this thread as well.
    WOW, STRONG TEA - MY BRUV FITNESSMAN


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    Are you looking for a routine that will work for you? Check out BRIT BEEF's routines thread here

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    Im going 2 have to direct all newbs to http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/ice14.htm a year a go this was crucial 2 my bodybuilding knowledge and is a must read. Just give er!
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    Cool Thanks

    Thanks for the advice
    Ken23

  23. #23
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    Originally posted by LostProphet
    He sure does. Here's the link to Pogue's article http://forum.bodybuilding.com/showth...hreadid=107014 a link to Ripped Up's recipes can be found within this thread as well.
    hes saying not to take maltodextrin/dextrose? all over the boards they say to take creatine w/ dextrose post workout. Is that one time during the day ok?
    and what exactly is a dream, and what exactly is a joke?

  24. #24
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    Originally posted by holyshinto63
    hes saying not to take maltodextrin/dextrose? all over the boards they say to take creatine w/ dextrose post workout. Is that one time during the day ok?
    yes. When you take dextrose, it spikes insulin levels. At any random point throughout the day, insulin is not good, because it promotes fat gains. But post workout, your body isn't sensitive to insulin, so you can enjoy insulin's anabolic properties without adding fat. Peace
    REPS ARE ALWAYS GOOD

  25. #25
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    Regarding ab training

    Regarding ab training:


    I have yet to see any evidence that the muscle fibers in your abs are different than those in any other parts of your body. In other words, the muscles in your abs are the same kind of muscles in your chest, arms, shoulders, back, neck, glutes, hams, quads, calves, etc. There is no unique type XVIIb muscle fiber in your abdominal muscle that allows it to recover in unparalleled time. Therefore, there is no reason to use drastically different training techniques purely for abs.

    No one curls five pound dumbells for 100 reps. No one bench presses the bar for 100 reps. So, no one should be performing set of crunches to 100 reps! You won't get bigger using any of the aforementioned techniques. Treat abs the way you would treat any other muscle group; work them 1-2 times a week, and use weights. Weighted crunches, leg lifts, cable crunches, and decline situps all work well. Utilize them.
    Making it my job to educate the younguns...
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  26. #26
    Heartagram BigTraps's Avatar
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    I'm adding this article to persuade many of the new lifters on the benefits of squatting over any other leg exercise out there:

    http://www.wannabebig.com/printarticle.php?articleid=21

  27. #27
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    good sticky here is a link to some excercie places... there are vids and good instructions on every excercise...

    http://www.exrx.net/Exercise.html

    http://www.bsu.edu/webapps/strengthlab/Home.htm

  28. #28
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    :)

    This is just a general guideline, the bodyfat wasnt included because thats never accurate anyways. - Good luck.
    ------------------------
    1.0 downloaded 131 times from 09-29-03 to 01-19-04
    2.1 downloaded 36 times from 1-19-04 to 2-2-04
    ---
    this 2.2 version
    you can adjust stuff good luck

    ps. email rawblood@hotmail.com for suggestions thanks all.
    Attached Files
    Last edited by BIGnaturalBROCK; 02-02-2004 at 01:22 PM.

  29. #29
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    great articles guys on cutting and bulking thx pompa

  30. #30
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    Great thread guys. Its gonna help lots of newbies as it has helped me!
    Singaporean here

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